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Obstructive sleep apnea during REM sleep & blood pressure.

March 11th, 2023   |   Posted in: Dr. Halstrom News, Education Centre, silencer-news, Uncategorized

Obstructive sleep apnea during REM sleep: effects on morning and evening blood pressure.

This new study investigates further the effects of sleep apnea on blood pressure.

Study objectives: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is linked to the emergence and progression of cardiovascular complications including hypertension, stroke, arrhythmias, coronary artery disease, and heart failure. Epidemiological studies have reported that hypertension is associated with respiratory events during REM sleep. We examined the relationship between respiratory events during REM and morning and evening hypertensive blood pressure (BP) levels in a clinical sleep population.

Methods: This study included data from in-laboratory diagnostic polysomnographic studies (n = 797) from adults attending for investigation of OSA. Hypertensive BP levels were defined using BP measurements taken in the evening before and morning after polysomnography, and the use of antihypertensive medication. Regression modeling was undertaken to examine the probability of evening and morning hypertensive BP levels according to REM apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), NREM AHI, gender, age, body mass index (BMI), alcohol use, total sleep time (TST), sleep time SpO2 <90%, and smoking status.

Results: The probability of morning hypertensive BP levels was significantly independently associated with age (p < .001), BMI (p < .001), and REM AHI (p < .001). No significant effect was found for the male gender, NREM AHI, alcohol use, TST, sleep time SpO2 <90%, or smoking (p > .05 for all). The probability of evening hypertensive BP levels was only significantly associated with age (p < .001), male gender (p = .012), BMI (p < .001), and TST (p = .032).

Conclusions: Respiratory events during REM sleep are significantly associated with morning hypertensive BP levels. Future research is needed to determine whether treatment of these events can prevent or reverse morning hypertensive BP levels.

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Obstructive sleep apnea during REM sleep & blood pressure.


SLEEP 2023 Mar 9;46(3):zsac259. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsac259.

Catherine Falla 1, Alan Young 1 2, Alun Pope 2 3, Denise M O’Driscoll 1 2